Ixora coccinea Linn.

 

 

Family Rubiaceae.

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Habitat South -western Peninsular India. Cultivated throughout India.

English Jungleflame Ixora.

Ayurvedic Bandhuka, Paaranti.

Siddha/Tamil Vetchi, Thechii.

Folk Rukmini, Rangan.

Action Herb—astringent, antiseptic, blood-purifier, sedative, antileucorrhoeic, antidiarrhoeal, anti-catarrhal. Used in dysmenorrhoea, haemoptysis, bronchitis. Root—astringent, antiseptic (used against scabies and other skin diseases). Flowers—prescribed in dysentery and dysmenorrhoea.

 

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The saponifiable fraction of the petroleum ether extract of roots exhibited anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan-induced paw oedema in albino rats.

The leaves contain a triterpenoid, lupeol, which shows anti-inflammatory activity. The crude alcoholic extract and the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited antigenic activity.

The flowers contain an essential oil (0.5%) which possesses antimicrobial activity. Flower contain leucocyanidin glycoside.

The plant substrate removes heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium and mercury from polluted water.