1. Cadaba fruticosa
  2. Caesalpinia sappan
  3. Calamagrostis arundinacea
  4. Calamagrostis epigejos
  5. Calamus rotang
  6. Calendula officinalis
  7. Calla palustris
  8. Callicarpa americana
  9. Calligonum polygonoides
  10. Calophyllum inophyllum
  11. Calopogon tuberosus
  12. Caltha palustris
  13. Calypso bulbosa
  14. Calystegia sepium
  15. Camellia japonica
  16. Camellia sinensis
  17. Campanula americana
  18. Campanula cervicaria
  19. Campanula glomerata
  20. Campanula latifolia
  21. Campanula medium
  22. Campanula patula
  23. Campanula persicifolia
  24. Campanula pyramidalis
  25. Campanula rapunculoides
  26. Campanula rapunculus
  27. Campanula rotundifolia
  28. Campanula spicata
  29. Campanula trachelium
  30. Campanula uniflora
  31. Campsis radicans
  32. Campyloneurum phyllitidis
  33. Canary grass
  34. Canella winterana
  35. Canna glauca
  36. Canna indica
  37. Cannabis sativa
  38. Caper
  39. Capnoides
  40. Capparis cynophallophora
  41. Capparis spinosa
  42. Capsicum annuum
  43. Capsicum frutescens
  44. Caraway
  45. Cardamine hirsuta
  46. Cardamine impatiens
  47. Cardamine pentaphyllos
  48. Cardamine pratensis
  49. Cardiospermum halicacabum
  50. Cardoon
  51. Carduus acanthoides
  52. Carduus crispus
  53. Carduus nutans
  54. Carex acuta
  55. Carex arenaria
  56. Carex canescens
  57. Carex cespitosa
  58. Carex globularis
  59. Carex hirta
  60. Carex leporina
  61. Carex limosa
  62. Carex nigra
  63. Carex panicea
  64. Carex pilulifera
  65. Carex pseudocyperus
  66. Carex pulicaris
  67. Carex saxatilis
  68. Carex vesicaria
  69. Carica papaya
  70. Carlina acaulis
  71. Carlina corymbosa
  72. Carlina vulgaris
  73. Carpinus betulus
  74. Carthamus lanatus
  75. Carthamus tinctorius
  76. Carum carvi
  77. Caryophyllus aromaticus
  78. Caryota urens
  79. Cashew
  80. Cassia fistula
  81. Cassia javanica
  82. Cassine peragua
  83. Cassytha filiformis
  84. Catananche caerulea
  85. Catnip
  86. Conium maculatum
  87. Conocarpus erectus
  88. Conoclinium coelestinum
  89. Consolida ajacis
  90. Convallaria majalis
  91. Convolvulus althaeoides
  92. Convolvulus arvensis
  93. Convolvulus cantabrica
  94. Convolvulus cneorum
  95. Convolvulus scammonia
  96. Convolvulus tricolor
  97. Conyza canadensis
  98. Corchorus capsularis
  99. Corchorus olitorius
  100. Corchorus siliquosus
  101. Cordia myxa
  102. Cordia sebestena
  103. Coreopsis auriculata
  104. Coreopsis lanceolata
  105. Coreopsis tripteris
  106. Coreopsis verticillata
  107. Coriander
  108. Coriandrum sativum
  109. Coriaria myrtifolia
  110. Coris monspeliensis
  111. Cornus canadensis
  112. Cornus florida
  113. Cornus mas
  114. Cornus sanguinea
  115. Cornus suecica
  116. Coronilla valentina
  117. Cortusa matthioli
  118. Corydalis solida
  119. Corylus avellana
  120. Corylus colurna
  121. Corynephorus canescens
  122. Corypha umbraculifera
  123. Cota tinctoria
  124. Cotula coronopifolia
  125. Cotyledon orbiculata
  126. Crambe maritima
  127. Crassula aquatica
  128. Crassula tetragona
  129. Crataegus azarolus
  130. Crataegus coccinea
  131. Crataegus crus-galli
  132. Crataegus viridis
  133. Crepis biennis
  134. Crepis bursifolia
  135. Crepis capillaris
  136. Crepis foetida
  137. Crepis paludosa
  138. Crepis pulchra
  139. Crepis rubra
  140. Crepis tectorum
  141. Crepis vesicaria
  142. Crepis zacintha
  143. Crescentia cujete
  144. Crinum americanum
  145. Crinum asiaticum
  146. Crinum latifolium
  147. Crithmum maritimum
  148. Crocus sativus
  149. Crocus vernus
  150. Crotalaria juncea
  151. Croton tiglium
  152. Cruciata laevipes
  153. Cryptogramma crispa
  154. Cryptotaenia canadensis
  155. Cucumber
  156. Cucumis anguria
  157. Cucumis melo
  158. Cucumis sativus
  159. Cucurbita pepo
  160. Cumin
  161. Cuminum cyminum
  162. Cupressus sempervirens
  163. Curcuma longa
  164. Cuscuta europaea
  165. Cyanotis cristata
  166. Cyathea arborea
  167. Cycas circinalis
  168. Cyclanthera pedata
  169. Cymbalaria muralis
  170. Cymbidium aloifolium
  171. Cymbidium ensifolium
  172. Cynara cardunculus
  173. Cynara scolymus
  174. Cynoglossum officinale
  175. Cynoglossum virginianum
  176. Cynometra cauliflora
  177. Cynomorium coccineum
  178. Cynosurus cristatus
  179. Cynosurus echinatus
  180. Cyperus articulatus
  181. Cyperus echinatus
  182. Cyperus elegans
  183. Cyperus esculentus
  184. Cyperus fuscus
  185. Cyperus haspan
  186. Cyperus iria
  187. Cyperus odoratus
  188. Cyperus papyrus
  189. Cyperus rotundus
  190. Cyperus strigosus
  191. Cypripedium calceolus
  192. Cystopteris bulbifera
  193. Cystopteris fragilis
  194. Cytinus hypocistis
  195. Cytisus scoparius
  196. Caucalis daucoides
  197. Cayratia trifolia
  198. Ceanothus americanus
  199. Cedronella canariensis
  200. Celastrus scandens
  201. Celosia argentea
  202. Celosia argentea var cristata
  203. Celosia cristata
  204. Celtis australis
  205. Celtis occidentalis
  206. Cenchrus echinatus
  207. Centaurea calcitrapa
  208. Centaurea cineraria
  209. Centaurea cyanus
  210. Centaurea jacea
  211. Centaurea melitensis
  212. Centaurea montana
  213. Centaurea nigra
  214. Centaurea phrygia
  215. Centaurea scabiosa
  216. Centaurea solstitialis
  217. Centella asiatica
  218. Cephalanthera longifolia
  219. Cephalanthus occidentalis
  220. Cerastium alpinum
  221. Cerastium arvense
  222. Cerastium cerastoides
  223. Cerastium tomentosum
  224. Ceratonia siliqua
  225. Ceratophyllum demersum
  226. Cerbera manghas
  227. Cercis canadensis
  228. Cercis siliquastrum
  229. Cestrum diurnum
  230. Cestrum nocturnum
  231. Chaerophyllum bulbosum
  232. Chaerophyllum temulum
  233. Chaiturus marrubiastrum
  234. Chamaemelum nobile
  235. Chamaerops humilis
  236. Chamerion angustifolium
  237. Chara vulgaris
  238. Chelidonium majus
  239. Chelone glabra
  240. Chenopodiastrum murale
  241. Chenopodium album
  242. Chenopodium vulvaria
  243. Chickpea
  244. Chicory
  245. Chimaphila maculata
  246. Chimaphila umbellata
  247. Chionanthus virginicus
  248. Chives
  249. Chondrilla juncea
  250. Chrozophora tinctoria
  251. Chrysanthemum indicum
  252. Chrysobalanus icaco
  253. Chrysogonum virginianum
  254. Chrysophyllum cainito
  255. Chrysosplenium alternifolium
  256. Cicer arietinum
  257. Cicerbita alpina
  258. Cichorium endivia
  259. Cichorium intybus
  260. Cicuta bulbifera
  261. Cicuta maculata
  262. Cicuta virosa
  263. Cinchona officinalis
  264. Cionura erecta
  265. Circaea lutetiana
  266. Cirsium acaule
  267. Cirsium altissimum
  268. Cirsium arvense
  269. Cirsium dissectum
  270. Cirsium eriophorum
  271. Cirsium helenioides
  272. Cirsium heterophyllum
  273. Cirsium mexicanum
  274. Cirsium oleraceum
  275. Cirsium palustre
  276. Cirsium spinosissimum
  277. Cissampelos pareira
  278. Cissus trifoliata
  279. Cistus albidus
  280. Cistus crispus
  281. Cistus monspeliensis
  282. Citharexylum spinosum
  283. Citron
  284. Citrus aurantium
  285. Citrus medica
  286. Cladanthus mixtus
  287. Cladium mariscus
  288. Claytonia sibirica
  289. Claytonia virginica
  290. Clematis flammula
  291. Clematis integrifolia
  292. Clematis orientalis
  293. Clematis recta
  294. Clematis vitalba
  295. Clematis viticella
  296. Cleome gynandra
  297. Cleome ornithopodioides
  298. Cleonia lusitanica
  299. Clerodendrum infortunatum
  300. Clethra alnifolia
  301. Clitoria mariana
  302. Clitoria ternatea
  303. Clusia major
  304. Clutia pulchella
  305. Cneorum tricoccon
  306. Cnicus benedictus
  307. Cnidoscolus urens
  308. Cochlearia danica
  309. Cochlearia officinalis
  310. Cochliasanthus caracalla
  311. Coconut
  312. Cocos nucifera
  313. Codiaeum variegatum
  314. Coeloglossum viride
  315. Coffea arabica
  316. Coix lacryma-jobi
  317. Colchicum autumnale
  318. Colchicum variegatum
  319. Collinsonia canadensis
  320. Colutea arborescens
  321. Comarum palustre
  322. Commelina benghalensis
  323. Commelina communis
  324. Commelina erecta
  325. Commelina tuberosa
  326. Common fig
  327. Common wheat
  328. Comptonia peregrina

 

Cannabis sativa

  • Marijuana (Cannabis spp.)<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-read-12">

See the main articles on this topic: Marijuana and Marijuana woo

  • In TCM: C. sativa or dàmá (大麻). The flowers are used for 風 "wind" diseases, menstrual disorders and wounds.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5"> The seeds (actually the achene) are used for many diseases.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5"> In modern analyses are generally considered to be low in psychoactivity, but have measurable levels of cannabidiol (CBD).<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-154">
  • Effects may include mild euphoria, relaxed muscles, increased appetite and… wait, what? Did I say that out loud? Whoa… Have you ever looked at your hand? I mean REALLY looked at your hand? Side effects include paranoia and apathy. Marijuana and other cannabis products have little or no 'healing' purposes, but may relieve symptoms of other conditions or diseases.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-theherbbook-7"> It is considered one of the safest substances of abuse, including legal drugs, such as alcohol, which is not to say that it is risk free.

 

Citrus × aurantium

  • Bitter orange  (Citrus × aurantium)
  • Also called: Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, marmalade orange
  • Claimed to: help expel farts, be a stimulant, aid the stomach, also used as a general tonic<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-theherbbook-7">
  • Beneficial effects: May be effective as a topical treatment for fungus infections.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-orange-42">
  • Harmful effects: Internal use may increase risk of high blood pressure, fainting, heart attack, stroke, and other severe side effects, especially if taken with caffeine.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-orange-42"> The essential oil is phototoxic<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-43">; topical use of the undiluted essential oil can cause phytophotodermatitis upon exposure to UV light.

 

 

Chelidonium majus

  • Greater Celandine  (Chelidonium majus)
  • Usage: Everything.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-celanc-55"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-celanw-56"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-57">
  • Useful for: Nothing.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-celanc-55"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-celanw-56">
  • Harmful effects:
  • May cause hepatitis.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-celanc-55"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-celanw-56">

 

Chrysanthemum × morifolium

  • Chrysanthemum  (Asteraceae family)
  • In TCM:  (菊.)<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-read-12"> Aster trinervius (mǎ lán, 馬嵐) is used to treat hemorrhaging, animal poisoning, malaria, and a disease called 沙 (shā) (literally, "sand disease").<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5"> Chrysanthemum sinense (菊花, júhuā) is used for many diseases.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5">
  • Insufficient research to evaluate efficacy.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-chrysanthemum-63"> Chrysanthemum can cause the skin to be more sensitive to the sun.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-chrysanthemum-63">

 

 

Cinnamomum cassia bark

  • Cinnamon  (Cinnamomum spp.)
  • Most of the spice sold in the U.S. as culinary cinnamon is from the species C. cassia, a.k.a. Chinese cinnamon. Most of the health studies have been on true cinnamon (C. verum).
  • In TCM: several species of Cinnamomum (zhāng, 樟) are used: C. camphora (camphor); C. cassia C. japonicumC. loureiroiC. obtusifolium and C. pedunculatum.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-read-12"> It is used as a stomachic, stimulant, carminative, astringent, sedative, and tonic.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5"> It is used for colic, excessive sweating, postpartum difficulties and hair treatments.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5"> It was said that "if cassia was taken with toad's brains for seven years, one could walk on the surface of the water and never grow old or die; and Chao, the hunch-back, took the drug continuously for twenty years, with the result that hair grew on the bottom of his feet; he was able to walk five hundred li ( miles) in a day, and lift a weight of one thousand chin (, pounds)."<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5">
  • Claims: Lowers LDL cholestrol, maintains blood sugar, promotes appetite for elderly and sick, antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-bacterial, stops tumor growth, anti inflammatory, arthritis, hair loss and bladder infections, colds, upset stomach, and even pimples.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-64">
  • Truth: Apparently, it really does stop tumor growth — when it is injected into tumors in mice. Clearly, it's not really a home remedy.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-65"> The indications are quite good that it has an effect on blood sugar, however the details remain unknown.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-66"> None of the other claims seem to hold up, however.

 

 

Citrus × paradisi

  • Grapefruit seed extract (Citrus × paradisi)

See the main article on this topic: Grapefruit seed extract

  • Claimed to: be a good disinfectant. This effect is due not to the grapefruit seed extract itself, which is not antimicrobial, but to contaminants/additives such as benzethonium chloride and triclosan, which are frequently found in grapefruit seed extract products.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-114"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-115"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-116">

 

 

Camellia sinensis

  • Green tea (Camellia sinensis)

See the main article on this topic: Green tea

  • In TCM: chá (茶)
  • Used for weight loss.
  • Side effects may include stomach upset and constipation, and, in rare cases, liver damage.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-gtea-119"> Caffeine-related side effects may include headache, nervousness, sleep problems, vomiting, diarrhea, irritability, irregular heartbeat, tremor, heartburn, dizziness, ringing in the ears, convulsions, confusion, and reduced absorption of iron from food.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-gtea-119"> Also implicated in outbreaks of Britishness. Jolly splendid, indeed!

 

 

clockwise from top left: C. coccineaC. punctata var. aurea, C. ambiguaC. douglasii

  • Hawthorn  (Crataegus spp.)
  • In TCMC. pinnatifida is shānzhā (山楂); C. cuneata is shānzhā guǒ (山楂果). It is eaten as food, but also used for backache, diarrhea, ulcers and rashes.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-stuart-5">
  • In Western herbal medicine: cardio-vascular diseases, anxiety, muscle spasms<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-webmdhawthorn-122"> and insomnia<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-theherbbook-7">
  • Harmful effects: can adversely interact with prescription drugs for cardiovascular diseases (e.g. digoxin, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, phosphodiesterase- inhibitors, and nitrates), nausea, nose bleeds, dizziness, insomnia<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-webmdhawthorn-122">
  • Efficacy: There is some evidence of improvement for heart failure symptoms with hawthorn extract, but also some evidence that it causes increased risk of death.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-webmdhawthorn-122"> There is insufficient evidence for treatment of other maladies.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-webmdhawthorn-122">

 

 

Convallaria majalis

  • Lily-of-the-valley  (Convallaria majalis)
  • Used for: epileptic seizures, strokes, angina, conjunctivitis, leprosy, laxative, "neurasthenia", unconsciousness from stroke, epilepsy, edema and heart problems.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-theherbbook-7"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-145"> Not enough studies have been done to evaluate any of the claims.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-146">
  • Harmful effects: The plant is poisonous and can be fatal. Doses must be very specific and prescribed by a professional (although what with the lack of evidence, what's the point?) Self-medication or wrong doses may result in blurred vision, excessive urination at night, halos around objects, diarrhea, Loss of appetite, Stomach pain, Vomiting or nausea, irregular or slow heartbeat confusion, depression, disorientation, drowsiness, fainting, headache, lethargy, weakness, rash, and hives.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-147">

 

Chamaemelum nobile

  • Roman chamomile  (Chamaemelum nobile)
  • Also called: camomile, English chamomile, garden chamomile, ground apple, low chamomile, or whig plant. Is a subset of chamomile.
  • Used in: vaginal steaming
  • Claimed to: calm frayed nerves, treat stomach problems, relieve muscle spasms, treat skin conditions, treat infections, treat nausea, treat vomiting, treat heartburn, treat loss of appetite, treat intestinal gas, relieve anxiety, reduce inflammation from cuts or hemorrhoids, help with burns, be antibacterial, be antiviral, be antifungal, treat morning sickness, treat painful menstrual periods, treat sinusitis, treat liver and gallbladder disease, deal with gallstones, prevent heartburn, ease the discomfort of swollen gums, treat ear inflammation, treat sore throats, and "purify" the blood.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • Beneficial effects:
  • May reduce flatulence; insufficient research.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • Insufficient evidence for treatment of painful periods.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • Harmful effects:
  • Considered "generally safe".<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59">
  • May be allergenic to those allergic to asters, daisies, chrysanthemums, or ragweed.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59">
  • May cause miscarriage when pregnant. Do not take while pregnant or breastfeeding.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • May worsen asthma.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • Moderate sedative.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • Thins the blood.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59">
  • May lower blood sugar.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59">
  • If too much is drunk, may cause vomiting.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59"><wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-WebMDRomanchamomile-183">
  • May be dangerous to women with estrogen-sensitive conditions, such as cancer.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59">
  • Interacts with the liver, potentially causing changes in other drugs.<wiki/List_of_medicinal_plants#cite_note-UMMRomanchamomile-59">

 

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